Top Spices found and grown in Kerala

India is famously known as the land of spices and Kerala is no exception. In fact, Kerala is the hub for spice trade in India and has been so since thousands of years.

Spices in Kerala and its trade, have a deep rooted history. In ancient times, Kerala was known all around the world due to its monopoly on spices and the richness it bought to the land. Musiri, the ancient port of Kerala became the base of world spice trade, almost ages ago. It is said that the primary reasons for the western colonization in India was the desire to control the spice trade from Kerala. This legacy has continued to this day. Kerala continues to be a major contributor to the international spice trade over the last decade and the volume of spice trade from Kerala stands at a remarkable 500,000 tons prized at nearly $1500 million.

So in this article, let’s check out some of the major spices in Kerala.

Pepper

Cardamom

Kerala Spices

Pepper is known as the king of spices as it is a very highly sought after spice and is used all around the world. In the early days, Pepper of Kerala reached Europe through the Arab traders. Europe saw great potential in pepper as a food preservative and looked for complete control on its trade. Pepper is grown in both lowlands and high ranges of Kerala. It also has some amazing medicinal properties. It is known to stimulate digestion, relive constipation and improve blood circulation. Pepper is pungent and fiery in taste.

Spices grown in Kerala

Cardamom is grown on the slants of the Western Ghats in Kerala. It is widely used to provide a rich flavor to food preparations all across the world. Is a major ingredient in medicines, health foods, beverages, liquor and perfumes. Taste wise it is warm, eucalyptine and has a lemony undertone. It is also used to relieve indigestion.

Ginger

Clove

Spices in Kerala

Ginger is one of the widely grown spices of Kerala (and also the rest of India). It is fiery and pungent in taste.Ginger is used extensively in many dishes, pickles, fresh juices and even in tea. Ginger is perfect against respiratory and digestive infections.

Top spices grown in Kerala

Cloves are mainly grown in Kozhikode, Kollam and Thiruvananthapuram districts of Kerala. Apart from being a popular ingredient in food, it is also used in soaps, toothpastes and perfumes. It is sweet pungent & strongly aromatic. It is also used to ease tooth aches. It has antiseptic and antibiotic properties.

Turmeric

Nutmeg

Spices of Kerala

Turmeric is one of the most used spices in Kerala as well as Indian cuisine. It is not just a spice, but also a cleanser for the human body. Turmeric has an earthy smell and a bitter, peppery flavour and acts as an alternative to the expensive saffron.

Kerala Nutmeg

Nutmeg is mainly cultivated in Central Kerala. It is nutty, warm & slightly sweet in taste. This mild baking spice adds both flavour and aroma to cakes, muffins, sweet breads, fruit pies, cookies, meats, soups, puddings and sausages. It has medicinal properties- it aids digestion, improves appetite and treats diarrhoea and vomiting.