Wildlife Sanctuaries of Kerala

Periyar Tiger Reserve – Thekkady

Periyar Tiger Reserve in Thekkady, is spread over an area of around 925 sq.km. It is one of the 27 tiger reserves in India. Two major rivers Pamba and Periyar pass through the area. Local people who take an active interest in the conduct and welfare of the park also generate an income from it. According to 2010-11 census the reserve has got 136 tigers. Other animals found here are Elephants, Gaurs, Bison, Sambar , barking deer, mongoose, foxes, and leopards. Rarely seen Nilgiri Thar is also member of this community. This also contains 38 different varieties of fish and thirty different types of snake. In the year 1982 the area was declared as national park.

Periyar
Rajamala

Eravikulam National Park – Rajamala

Public vehicles are no allowed here and the only access is dept. vehicles. Spread nearly over 97 km. in the Kannan Devan Hills, it is a sanctuary for endangered Mountain goat of south India The Nilgiri Tahr. During early parts of every year the park is closed because it will be the calving time of The Nilgiri Tahr. Standing tall and majestic in the middle of the park is Anamudi the highest peak south of Himalayas at 2695 mtrs.. Nilgirii Langur, Nilgiri Tahr Indian Bison , Leopard can also be found here. Rare terrestrial and epiphytic Flora and fauna can be found on its slopes. The tourism zone of the national park is Rajamala and one can get information from there. Normal Visiting hours are 7am to 6 pm.

Parambikulam National park

Parambikulam National Park is one of the Kerala’s premier wildlife reserves of 285 sq. km stretch forest. It is a thick forest with bamboo, rosewood, teak & sandal woods. Tiger, Wild dogs, Leopards, Elephants, Spotted deer, Sloth bear, Wild boar, Barking deer, Langurs, Macaques, birds migration like Civet, Chevrotain, and Pangolin, crocodile, jungle cat, porcupine and 140 different kind birds are also found in the sanctuary. Parambikulam dam is located in Palakkad district, located around three and half km from the sanctuary it is the one of the biggest dam in India with a capacity of 69,165 (Cu. Mt x1000) is one of worlds largest Volume Embankment Dams.

Parambikulam
Chinnar Elephant

Chinnar Wildlife sanctuary

Chinnar National park in the district of Idukki and is home to thorny scrub forests, some species that can survive extreme dry conditions. It is also home to nearly extinct Indian grizzled squirrel, their total number coming to around 200 nos. The place receives hardly around 200 cm of rain an year and is in the rain shadow area of the Western Ghats. Its forests sheds leaves periodically and are ideal for trekking. Nearby there is a sandalwood forest. This is also a good place to watch herds of elephants and gaurs . What adds to the diversity of the sanctuary are forests that shed leaves periodically, grass lands and high shoals. Wild animals and birds that can be spotted on the road as you move from Karimuthi to Chinnar include hanuman Langur, Spotted Deer, Peacocks, Sambar and Elephents.

Muthanga Wildlife Sanctury

It is next to sanctuaries of Nagarhole and Bandipore of Karnataka and Mudumalai of Tamilnadu. It is an integral part of Nilgiri biosphere reserve and is rich in biodiversity. Life style of the people living in and around the forest region and scientific conservation is considered by the management. It is a declared site of Project Elephant. The reserve is also home to lots of butterflies, a small tiger population, birds and insects. The sanctuary has both moist and seasonal and evergreen trees and flora. A drive along the road to Muthanga and further, offers chances to watch these roaming Elephant rides are arranged by the forest department.

 

Muthanga Wildlife Sanctuary
Sholayar National Park

Sholayar National Park

Sholayar Wildlife Sanctuary is the only place in the Western Ghats where endangered Hornbill species are seen. The Western Ghats is one of the most important biodiversity hot spots in the world. The Athirappilly Falls is situated 1000 ft above sea level on the Chalakudy River, at the entrance to the Sholayar ranges of the Western Ghats, Falling from a height of 80 feet, this is one of the largest waterfalls in Kerala. Many endangered and endemic species of flora and fauna are can found in the forests of the Athirapilly- Vazhachal area. Environmentalists claim that Athirapally is a unique and one of its kind ecosystems in Kerala. The International Bird Association has declared it an “Important Bird Area”. It is also the most beautiful Wildlife Jungle Safari organised in the entire Kerala, about 90 kms across the rain forests of Sholayar ranges.

Neyyar wildlife sanctuary

The sanctuary has a large vegetation cover. It is an ideal gene pool reserve due to its biodiversity of its flora. There are 39 species of animals, 176 species of birds, 30 species of reptiles and 40species of fish in the sanctuary. Opened in 2007 the crocodile farm has around 20 crocodiles. Steve Irvin (THE CROCODILE HUNTER series fame) crocodile rehabilitation and research center was opened in 1977 at the sanctuary. It has information centre, staff quarters, rest house and a youth hostel. A boat trip on the lake and a visit to the lion park is also offered by the sanctuary. It is home to very rare species of birds.

Neyyar Wildlife Sanctuary
Silent Valley

Silent valley

It is the largest national park in Kerala at around 237 km. Plans for a hydroelectric project that threatened the park’s high diversity of wildlife stimulated an environmentalist social movement in the 1970s called Save Silent Valley which resulted in cancellation of the project and creation of the park in 1980. One of the stories about the valley is, The Pandavas, deprived of their kingdom, set out on a 13-year exile. They wandered south, into what is now Kerala, until one day they came upon a magical valley where rolling grasslands met wooded ravines, a deep green river bubbled its course through Silent Valley is home to the largest population of lion-tailed macaques, an endangered of primate. Public controversy over their habitat led to establishment of Silent Valley National Park.1973. The valley became the focal point of “Save Silent Valley”, India’s fiercest environmental movement of the decade. In 1983 the then Prime Minister of India, Indira Gandhi, decided to abandon the Project and on November 15 the Silent Valley forests were declared as a National Park.

Idukki Wildlife Sanctuary

It covers an area of around 106 km in the land locked district of the same name and is one of most nature rich areas of the State of Kerala. The sanctuary, occupying the forest land between the rivers of Cheruthoni and Periyar is at 450-748 ft. above sea level . Boat rides are offered on the scenic lake which is covered by a beautiful coverage of tropical evergreen deciduous trees. Wild boar, Elephants Sambar Deer Tiger Bison Wild Cats Wild Dogs and Snakes including Cobra Kraits Viper and numerous non-poisonous ones are found here. Birds that can be found include Woodpeckers, Jungle Fowl, Bulbuls and Flycatchers. World famous Arch Dam of Idukki is adjacent to it.

Idukki Wildlife Sanctuary
Aralam Wildlife Sanctuary

Aralam Wildlife Sanctuary

It is situated on the slops Western Ghats .Total area of these beautiful and exciting highland forests is around 55 sq. kms. Raising to a royal an truly majestic height of 1145 ft above sea level is KATTI BETTA the highest peak here. A large variety of flowers and fauna specific to the Western Ghats can be found here. The animals that can be seen here are , Sambar, Spotted Deer, Barking Deer, Malabar Giant Squirrel Elephant and Neelagiri Langur, Hanuman Langur. Aralam Farm in Thalassry Kannur is also noted for 3060 acre farm. Its main production include Hybrid Coconut seeds.